The Sponge City principle serves to prevent excessive heat and provide near-natural rainwater management in cities.
The cooling capacity of soils and vegetation areas is becoming increasingly important as more and more people realize that green spaces sufficiently supplied with water are the natural "refrigerators" of a city. Cooling capacity can be increased by storing rainwater, implementing soil-improvement measures and continuously watering the vegetation. Promoting the Sponge City principle and developing sustainable storage and irrigation systems are therefore key future tasks for climate-adapted cities.
Decoupling effective drainage areas from existing sewage systems has proven to be an effective approach